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我国工业热风炉制造业发展及设备安全应用

2018-11-04 16:19:34 无锡科达脚手架厂 阅读

在我国热风炉行业是一个不断发展的产业,同时热风炉行业和企业也面临着各种挑战。热风炉行业必须坚持市场导向战略,紧紧依靠科技进步,依靠科技创新,在国家能源和环保政策的引导下,调整企业结构和产品结构,制造销售符合市场需求的热风炉,在激烈的市场竞争中占有一席之地。 001.jpg 近日,广东省特检院珠海检测院的一项热风炉科技项目顺利通过了国家质检总局验收。该项目填补了国内关于承压类特种设备腐蚀产物的快速化学检测的技术空白,对指导和帮助企业采用科学合理的设备防腐和除垢方法、提高承压设备安全性和降低企业经营成本具有重大意义。 热风炉、容器及压力管道等承压设备在运行过程中容易产生污垢沉淀,不仅影响设备工作效能,还会腐蚀设备,造成安全隐患。针对这一现象,珠海检测院于2010年10月获国家质检总局批准立项,开展了名为逐时络合比色检测技术在承压设备腐蚀中的应用研究的技术项目研究。经过3年多的反复试验,建立起一套完整的数据库,找到了科学合理的设备防腐、除垢及清洗方法。 据介绍,该项技术可以有效降低设备腐蚀和减少热风炉化学清洗次数,对进一步提高设备安全性、节约企业经营成本有重要作用。自开始研究至今,珠海检测院已利用这一技术先后指导境内外三家企业开展设备防腐和除垢工作,帮助企业节约经营成本近百万元。 中国的热风炉产业,它既不是朝阳产业,也不是夕阳产业,而是与人类共存的永恒产业。伴随我国国民经济的蓬勃发展,近年来工业热风炉制造业取得了长足的进步。其突出成效是,行业标准日益规范,技术水平逐步提高,产品品种不断增加,经济规模显著扩大。由于市场需求的不断加大,生产企业数量增加较快,2008年底,全国持有各级热风炉制造许可证的企业为1555家,其中国家质检总局批准的达1205家,地方省、局批准的达350家,可以提供各种不同压力等级和容量的热风炉,满足当前我国市场的需求。 燃油、燃气热风炉等采用清洁燃烧技术的热风炉在大中城市将得到较快的发展。燃气热风炉将会有长足的进步,燃用生活垃圾和生物质的热风炉市场潜力较大,蓄热式电热热风炉系统随着电力工业改革和发展其市场将进一步拓宽。采用清洁燃料和洁净燃烧技术的高效、节能、低污染热风炉将是热风炉产品发展的趋势,并向高端和高附加值的产品市场发展。热风炉制造业与国家经济发展息息相关,成为国家基础工业的重要组成部分。

Hot stove industry is a developing industry in our country. At the same time, hot stove industry and enterprises are also facing various challenges. The hot stove industry must adhere to the market-oriented strategy, rely on scientific and technological progress, rely on scientific and technological innovation, under the guidance of national energy and environmental protection policies, adjust the enterprise structure and product structure, manufacture and sell hot stoves in line with market demand, and occupy a place in the fierce market competition. 001.jpg recently, a hot stove technology project of Zhuhai Inspection Institute of Guangdong Special Inspection Institute passed the acceptance of the State Administration of Quality Inspection. The project fills the technical gap of rapid chemical detection of corrosion products of special pressure equipment in China, and has great significance for guiding and helping enterprises to adopt scientific and reasonable methods of equipment corrosion prevention and scale removal, improving the safety of pressure equipment and reducing the operating cost of enterprises. Hot blast stove, vessel and pressure pipeline are prone to produce dirt deposit during operation, which not only affects the working efficiency of equipment, but also corrodes equipment and causes potential safety hazards. In response to this phenomenon, in October 2010, Zhuhai Inspection Institute was approved by the State Administration of Quality Inspection and Quarantine (AQSIQ) to launch a technical project called hourly complexation colorimetric detection technology applied to corrosion of pressure equipment. After more than three years of repeated tests, a complete database has been established, and scientific and reasonable methods of anti-corrosion, descaling and cleaning of equipment have been found. It is reported that this technology can effectively reduce equipment corrosion and chemical cleaning times of hot stove, and play an important role in further improving equipment safety and saving enterprise operating costs. Since the beginning of the research, Zhuhai Inspection Institute has used this technology to guide three enterprises at home and abroad to carry out equipment Anti-corrosion and scale removal work, helping enterprises save nearly one million yuan in operating costs. China's hot stove industry is neither a sunrise industry nor a sunset industry, but an eternal industry coexisting with mankind. With the vigorous development of China's national economy, industrial hot stove manufacturing industry has made considerable progress in recent years. Its outstanding effect is that the industry standards are increasingly standardized, the technology level is gradually improved, the product varieties are constantly increasing, and the economic scale is significantly expanded. Due to the increasing market demand, the number of production enterprises has increased rapidly. At the end of 2008, there were 1555 enterprises holding manufacturing licenses for hot stoves at all levels in China, of which 1205 were approved by the State Administration of Quality Supervision and Inspection, and 350 by local provinces and bureaus. They can provide hot stoves of various pressure levels and capacities to meet the needs of Dangdang. The demand of China's market before. Hot stoves with clean combustion technology such as oil-fired and gas-fired hot stoves will develop rapidly in large and medium-sized cities. Gas-fired hot stoves will make great progress. Domestic garbage and biomass-fired hot stoves have great market potential. With the reform and development of electric power industry, the market of regenerative electric hot stoves will be further expanded. The high efficiency, energy saving and low pollution hot stove using clean fuel and clean combustion technology will be the trend of hot stove product development, and will develop to high-end and high value-added product market. Hot blast stove manufacturing industry is closely related to national economic development and has become an important part of national basic industry. 热风炉制造业产品种类繁多,主要大类包括:电厂热风炉、电站热风炉、热源热风炉、工业热风炉及热风炉辅机等机械类;以主机、辅机、泵站、阀组等品种的设备配件类;为其他特殊需要而设计制造的特种设备设施类等等。 从长远发展来看,竞争优势明显的大型电厂及电站热风炉企业发展前景较好。目前全国仅有十几家的电厂热风炉专业生产厂家,产品以中、高压循环流化床热风炉及链条炉为主。从需求量来分析,目前是投资电厂热风炉产品的良好时机。热风炉行业是我国大型行业之一。

There are many kinds of hot-blast stove manufacturing products, including: power plant hot-blast stove, power plant hot-blast stove, heat source hot-blast stove, industrial hot-blast stove and hot-blast stove auxiliaries and other mechanical categories; equipment accessories of host, auxiliaries, pumping stations, valves and other varieties; special equipment and facilities designed and manufactured for other special needs, and so on. In the long run, the development prospects of large-scale power plants and hot stove enterprises with obvious competitive advantages are better. At present, there are only a dozen professional producers of hot-blast stoves in power plants in China. The main products are medium and high pressure circulating fluidized bed hot-blast stoves and chain stoves. From the demand analysis, it is a good time to invest in the hot stove products of power plants. Hot blast stove industry is one of the major industries in China.

我国在热风炉方面的发展也从未间断。由于热风炉行业在世界上也是一个比较热门的行业,热风炉的改进和新型热风炉的开发已经成为各个国家研究的重点项目之一,我国当然也不例外。随着WTO的加入国内电厂热风炉产品迅速发展,电厂热风炉产品的竞争将逐步趋于激烈,国内企业之间的竞争也在所难免。但竞争的市场风险与机遇共存,具有地缘优势、技术优势、市场营销网络优势的企业定会胜出,并主导下一步的市场整合。 同时国家倡导的节能热风炉是该产业发展的另一契机,近年来由于低碳环保的呼声愈来愈高涨,人们对自身社会活动所产生的碳排放量也越发重视。低能耗、低污染、低排放为基础的经济模式,是人类社会继农业文明、工业文明之后的又一次重大进步。因此,在各个领域都相继产生了低碳理念、低碳生活、低碳产品和服务等等。毋庸置疑,在热风炉行业也就产生了节能热风炉的概念,节能热风炉产品要求结构紧凑,体积小,便于现场安装,效率高,寿命长,热风炉密封性能好,可正压运行等特点。

The development of hot stove in China has never stopped. As the hot stove industry is also a relatively popular industry in the world, the improvement of hot stoves and the development of new hot stoves have become one of the key projects of various countries, China is no exception. With the entry of WTO and the rapid development of domestic hot-blast stove products, the competition of hot-blast stove products in power plants will gradually become fierce, and the competition among domestic enterprises is inevitable. However, competitive market risks and opportunities coexist, enterprises with geographic, technological and marketing network advantages will win, and lead the next step of market integration. At the same time, the energy-saving hot-blast stove advocated by the state is another opportunity for the development of the industry. In recent years, the voice of low-carbon environmental protection is increasing, and people pay more attention to the carbon emissions generated by their social activities. The economic model based on low energy consumption, low pollution and low emission is another significant progress of human society after agricultural civilization and industrial civilization. Therefore, low-carbon concept, low-carbon life, low-carbon products and services have emerged in various fields. Undoubtedly, the concept of energy-saving hot stove has also emerged in the hot stove industry. Energy-saving hot stove products require compact structure, small size, easy field installation, high efficiency, long life, good sealing performance and positive pressure operation.



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